Parramatta Female Factory Bicentenary.


The images below were taken on Saturday 7th July 2018 during the Female Factory Bicentennial Celebrations.

This event was a dedication, commemoration and celebration of the Parramatta Female Factory Women and the bicentennial of the laying of the first stone of the factory, by the then Governor of NSW, Lachlan Macquarie.

Back on the 7th of July 1818, the then Governor, Lachlan Macquarie laid the first stone of the Parramatta Female Factory which would eventually house at least 5,000 of the 24,960 convict women transported to Australia.

The Female Factory was a place of despair, hardship and riots, where their children were removed from their mothers at the age of three. It was a labour exchange, a marriage bureau, a place of textile manufacture and it was from here that many of these women became business women, farmers, workers, teachers and mothers of our nation.

The stories of hope, resilience and survival, held in this place, are stories which go to the heart of the Australian Identity – it is a place of significant history with an estimated 1 in 5 to 1 in 7 descended from these women.

Many an article has been written about the female factory and the significance of what occurred there throughout the years and how it started off as the Parramatta Female Factory in 1818 to house women who came over on the convict ships to be then changed, in 1847 to an Invalid & Lunatic Asylum and to now operating as Cumberland Hospital.

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